What are the two major climate regions of South America?
South America can be divided into four major climatic regions—tropical, temperate, arid, and cold—their parameters determined by the elements described above.
What are the climate zones in South America?
∎ Five climate zones: Caliente (hot), Templada (warm), Fria (cold), Helada (frozen), and Paramos. formed by the subduction of the Pacific plate beneath South America.
What are 2 climate zones?
How many climate zones are there and how do they differ?
- Tropical. Around the Equator we have tropical climates which are hot and humid, this is where you’ll find the world’s rainforests.
- Arid. Then there are arid or dry climates – like you’d find in deserts.
- Mediterranean. …
- Temperate. …
- Continental. …
What is the main climate of South America?
In general, the weather in South America is hot and humid. Countries in the Amazon baisn like Northern Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador and Venezuela have are dominated by rainforest and have consistent hot and humid weather year-round with high rainfall. … The climate in South America is much more volatile further south.
What are South America’s two main grasslands called?
In South America, they’re known as pampas. Central Eurasian grasslands are referred to as steppes, while African grasslands are savannas.
What are the main religions in South America?
Religion in South America has been a major influence on art, culture, philosophy and law. Christianity is the main religion, with Roman Catholics having the most adherents. Sizeable minorities of non-religious people and adherents of other religions are also present.
Is South America cold?
The coldest part of the continent is in the extreme southern tip, in the area called Tierra del Fuego; in the coldest month of the year, which is July, it is as cold as 0°C (32°F) there. The highest temperature of the continent is reached in a small area of northern Argentina, and is about 42°C (108°F).
Which is the hottest country in South America?
Highest, lowest, wettest, driest: South American extremes
- Highest point: Aconcagua, Argentina.
- Lowest point: Laguna del Carbon, Argentina.
- Driest place: Atacama Desert, Chile.
- Wettest place: Tutunendo, Colombia.
- Coldest place: Sarmiento, Argentina.
- Hottest place: Rivadavia, Argentina.
Is South America dry or moist?
The continent of South America is located mostly in the Southern Hemisphere. The climate of South America is predominantly wet and humid. However, the large size of the continent makes the climate of South America varied with each region depending on factors such as geographical location, ocean currents, and winds.
What makes South America unique?
South America is a continent of extremes. It is home to the world’s largest river (the Amazon) as well as the world’s driest place (the Atacama Desert). … With an unparalleled number of plant and animal species, South America’s rich biodiversity is unique among the world’s continents.