Spain’s colonization of mainland Venezuela started in 1502. Spain established its first permanent South American settlement in what became the city of Cumaná. … By the middle of the 16th century, not many more than 2,000 Europeans lived in the region that became Venezuela.
Who was Venezuela colonized by?
The territory of Venezuela was colonized by Spain in 1522 amid resistance from indigenous peoples.
Why did Spain colonize Venezuela?
Colonial Venezuela’s primary value to Spain was geographic: its long Caribbean coastline provided security from foreign enemies and pirates for the Spanish bullion fleet during its annual journey between Portobelo, in present-day Panama, and Cuba.
Who first discovered Venezuela?
Christopher Columbus first sighted the coast of Venezuela in 1498. About two decades later, the Spanish began to settle in the country. At the time of the settlement, there were as many as 400,000 Amerindians inhabiting the region.
Why did Spain lose its empire?
Many different factors, including the decentralized political nature of Spain, inefficient taxation, a succession of weak kings, power struggles in the Spanish court and a tendency to focus on the American colonies instead of Spain’s domestic economy, all contributed to the decline of the Habsburg rule of Spain.
Did Portugal colonize Venezuela?
Portugal colonized parts of South America (Brazil, Colónia do Sacramento, Uruguay, Guanare, Venezuela), but also made some unsuccessful attempts to colonize North America (Newfoundland and Labrador and Nova Scotia in Canada).