Life in the Andes was challenging in many ways. Agriculture in particular was extremely difficult. The steep slopes of the mountains limited the amount of fertile land that could be used for farming. It was also difficult to find water for the crops.
What challenges did the Incas face in building their roads?
Physical obstacles included tropical rainforest, high mountains, and raging rivers. To overcome these obstacles, they built an elaborate system of roads (about 15,000 miles’ worth) that linked all corners of the empire, They sent messages along these roads with an elaborate relay system.
How did the Inca adapt to their challenging environment?
In what ways did the Inca adapt to their environment? They adapted to their environment by using terrace farming, which was very important. Terrace farming is when they cut steep hills and they would build rope bridges to cross the mountains.
What challenges did Inca engineers face?
The Inca faced many problems with living in areas with steep terrain. Two large issues were soil erosion and area to grow crops. The solution to these problems was the development of terraces, called Andenes.
At what age did the Incas get married?
Marriage was no different. Incan women were typically married at the age of sixteen, while men married at the age of twenty.
Why did the Incas not use the wheel?
Although the Incas were very advanced and did in fact know about the concept of the wheel, they never developed it in practice. This was quite simply because their empire spanned the world’s second highest mountain range, where there were more straightforward methods to carry goods than using the inca wheel.
What was the Inca environment like?
The heartland of the Inca Empire was in the high plateaus and mountains of the Andes of Peru. This area is mostly above 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) in elevation and is characterized by low or seasonal precipitation, low temperatures, and thin soils.
Why did the Aztecs and Incas fall?
Dissention and Disease
Cortez exploited this unrest with great skill. … The Europeans brought with them diseases such as measles and smallpox against which the American tribes had no natural immunity. They spread like wildfire, killing rulers of both the Aztecs and Incas, along with millions of other people.
Why did the Incas build terraces?
Because the Incas lived in the mountains, they had no flat land for farming. They had to build wide step-like areas called terraces for farming. Through terrace farming, the Incas were able to provide for all people in the empire. … The Incas grew potatoes and other crops that could resist cold nights.
How were Incas wiped out?
Influenza and smallpox were the main causes of death among the Inca population and it affected not only the working class but also the nobility.
Are the Incas extinct?
The Incas of Peru are undoubtedly one of the most admired of ancient civilisations. Less than two centuries later, however, their culture was extinct, victims of arguably the cruellest episode of Spanish colonial history. …