The military dictatorship ended in 1990 with the election of Christian-Democrat candidate Patricio Aylwin. However, the military remained out of civilian control for several years after the junta itself had lost power.
What happened to Augusto Pinochet?
Authorised to return to Chile, Pinochet was subsequently indicted by judge Juan Guzmán Tapia and charged with several crimes. He died on 10 December 2006 without having been convicted. … Pinochet led a 11 September 1973 coup which deposed Socialist President Salvador Allende.
When did Chile became a democracy again?
In December 1989, Patricio Aylwin, head of the Concertación coalition, won the first democratic election in Chile since 1970.
Why did the US not like Allende?
The US government believed that Allende would become closer to socialist countries, such as Cuba and the Soviet Union. They feared that Allende would push Chile into socialism, and therefore lose all of the US investments made in Chile.
How were human rights violated under Pinochet?
The systematic human rights violations that were committed by the military dictatorship of Chile, under General Augusto Pinochet, included gruesome acts of physical and sexual abuse, as well as psychological damage.
What type of government did Chile have before Pinochet took over in 1973?
Military dictatorship of Chile (1973–1990) – Wikipedia.
Who controls most of the minerals in Chile?
During the 1990s the government enacted new laws to open up the industry to private companies, but the majority of copper mines in Chile are still controlled by the state (Codelco).