The National Assembly (Spanish: Asamblea Nacional) is the unicameral legislature of Ecuador. It replaced the National Congress in 2009 following reforms under the 2008 Constitution. The current President of the Assembly is Guadalupe Llori, as of May 14, 2018.
What is unique about Ecuador’s Constitution?
The Constitution is the first in the world to recognize legally enforceable Rights of Nature, or ecosystem rights. Article 71-74 prohibits the extraction of non-renewable resources in protected areas. Moreover, the production of monocultures will be avoided for reforestation and rehabilitation of the soil.
How many countries in the world have bicameral legislature?
Out of 193 countries in the world, 79 are bicameral and 113 are unicameral, making a total of 272 chambers of parliament with over 46,000 members of parliament.
Which countries are very close to Ecuador?
Ecuador is bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the west, Colombia to the north, and Peru to the southeast. Ecuador is located in western South America.
Who was Ecuador’s first leader?
Juan José Flores was the first constitutional president of Ecuador, declaring the separation of the State of Ecuador from Gran Colombia, maintaining its presidential government structure, which has remained until the present day.
What was Ecuador’s first government?
The 1830 Constitution
Considered as Ecuador’s first constitution, it was adopted when the country seceded from the Confederation of Grand Colombia. It was based on existing charters such as the Quito State Charter of 1812 and the Grand Colombia constitutions of Cúcuta of 1821.
Does nature have rights in Ecuador?
In the case of Ecuador, the seventh chapter of its new constitution is entitled “Rights of Nature.” This document establishes Pachamama as a legal entity for the first time in history, stipulating the right to an integral respect for nature’s existence and for the maintenance and regeneration of its life cycles, …
How does the Ecuador flag look like?
Ecuador’s Flag. Ecuador’s flag consists of three horizontal stripes of yellow, blue, and red, with Ecuador’s coat of arms in the center. The Ecuadorian flag consists of three horizontal stripes and a coat of arms in the center. … The flag is very similar to Colombia’s, differentiated only by the coat of arms.