The Spanish did not completely destroy the Inca temples and other structures. They demolished structures such as the Incan Temple of the Sun and built their own churches and monasteries on top of them. In this sense, there are two styles of architecture, two civilizations in Cusco.
What impact did the Spanish have on the Incas?
Cities and towns were pillaged, along with a vast amount of traditional artwork, craft, and architecture, and new buildings and cities were built by the Spanish on top of Inca foundations. The execution of the Inca: Spaniards burning the Inca leader Atahualpa at the stake, following their conquest of the Inca people.
What was the impact of Spanish colonization on the Aztec and Inca empire?
The Spanish had advanced weapons which helped them defeat the Aztecs. Also, the Spanish persuaded enemies of the Aztecs to fight. In addition, many Aztecs died from smallpox. The Incas were indigenous (native) people who lived in South America.
How did religion affect the Incas?
The Incas were a very religious people; their religious beliefs were deeply embedded in their lives, everything they did had a religious meaning. They were tolerant of the beliefs of the people they conquered as long as they venerated Inca deities above all their gods, they even incorporated gods from other cultures.
How did the Spanish influence Peru?
In 1532, Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro defeated the Inca Empire and took control of Peru. The Spanish ruled the land until independence in 1824. …  Spanish conquerors spread their language and religion and used them as instruments to control their colony.
Why did the Spanish want to conquer the Incas?
The Spanish recognized the wealth and abundance that could be had in this territory; at this point the Inca Empire was at its largest, measuring around 690,000 square miles. In 1528 Pizarro went back to Spain to ask for the official blessing of the Spanish crown to the conquer the area and become governor.
Why were the Spanish able to defeat the Aztec and Inca empires?
The Spanish were able to defeat the Aztec and the Inca not only because they had horses, dogs, guns, and swords, but also because they brought with them germs that made many native Americans sick. Diseases like smallpox and measles were unknown among the natives; therefore, they had no immunity to them.
What led to the end of the Inca empire?
The Inca Empire was the largest in the world in the 1500s. … While there were many reasons for the fall of the Incan Empire, including foreign epidemics and advanced weaponry, the Spaniards skilled manipulation of power played a key role in this great Empire’s demise.
Why was religion so important to the Incas?
Religion was also an important tool for the ruling elite to legitimize their privileged position within society and to spread the general belief of Inca superiority over the subjects of their Empire.
Is Inca religion still practiced?
Still today, Inca ceremonies celebrating Inti and Pachamama are performed annually. … Approximately 750 actors portray ancestral Inca in lively homage to the sun god. Also still practiced on a much smaller scale, but sometimes open to visitors, are “payment to the earth” ceremonies.
Why was the Spanish conquest so important?
Cortés helped old enemies of the Aztecs defeat them in one of the most important events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas. … The Spanish conquest was devastating to the Aztec people. By 1680, 94% of the Aztec population had died.