Spanish weaponry was far superior to anything used by the Aztecs or Incas. Cortés and his men used over a dozen large portable guns, mainly for their shock value against the Aztecs. Pizarro’s conquest of the Incas was also made possible by the use of gunpowder, a substance the Incas didn’t have at their disposal.
What factor helped the Spanish conquer the Aztec civilization?
Spanish conquistadores commanded by Hernán Cortés allied with local tribes to conquer the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlán. Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days, and a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer the city.
What two factors were most important in shaping the Spaniards conquest of the Incas?
Horses, sheer luck, good timing and European diseases such as Smallpox decimating the native population, were also factors helping the Spanish towards victory.
How did the Spanish conquer the Aztecs and Incas?
How were the Spanish able to overtake them? Again, smallpox and weapons brought by the Spanish played an important role in Pizarro’s conquest. In addition, Pizarro convinced other tribes under Inca rule to join them in defeating the Inca Empire. Cortés and Pizarro are often called Spanish Conquistadors.
Why was the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs important?
This event is called the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. Cortés helped old enemies of the Aztecs defeat them in one of the most important events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas. The Spanish conquest was devastating to the Aztec people. By 1680, 94% of the Aztec population had died.
How did the Spanish defeat the Aztecs so easily?
They found that the city’s society had crumpled. The Aztecs no longer trusted Montezuma, they were short on food, and the smallpox epidemic was under way. More than 3 million Aztecs died from smallpox, and with such a severely weakened population, it was easy for the Spanish to take Tenochtitlán.
What was the most effective factor in Spanish Conquest?
What Were the Most Important Factors in Explaining the Spanish Victory Over the Aztecs & Incas?
- Superior Weapons. Spanish weaponry was far superior to anything used by the Aztecs or Incas. …
- Alliances and Experience. …
- The Power of Horses. …
- Deadly Disease.
What killed the Incas?
Influenza and smallpox were the main causes of death among the Inca population and it affected not only the working class but also the nobility.
Why were the Aztecs and Incas conquered so easily?
The Spanish explorer Francisco Pizarro invaded the Incan Empire in 1532, seeking riches. The Inca had already had some contact with Europeans, and many had died of European diseases. The empire was also weakened by a civil war between two ruling brothers. Pizarro manipulated the two sides, eventually defeating both.