Bolivia lost more than 46,000 square miles of territory, including what is currently Chile’s copper-rich Antofagasta region. A 1904 treaty made this loss permanent in exchange for Chile allowing Bolivian trade access to the sea through Chilean territory. Bolivia has been consigned to landlocked status ever since.
What crucial territory did Bolivia lost to Chile?
Litoral Department (Antofagasta) ceded by Bolivia to Chile in 1904. Tarapacá Department ceded by Peru to Chile in 1884. Tacna Region occupied by Chile in 1885, returned to Peru in 1925.
|ante Lima: 27,000||Army of Lima: 25–35,000||In Bolivia:|
|Tarapacá & Antofagasta: 8,000||In Arequipa: 13,000|
Why did Bolivia lose so much territory?
Bolivia lost the area after La Guerra del Pacifico, or War of the Pacific in the late 1800s when Chile, Peru and Bolivia fought bitterly over mineral rights there. In 1904, a peace treaty was signed and Bolivia lost the coastal territory, becoming officially landlocked.
What did Bolivia lose as a result of the War of the Pacific?
Background to the dispute:
After its defeat by Chile in the War of the Pacific, Bolivia lost 120,000 sq km of land and became a landlocked country.
Who is Chile at war with?
It grew out of a dispute between Chile and Bolivia over control of a part of the Atacama Desert that lies between the 23rd and 26th parallels on the Pacific coast of South America.
Who won the war between Chile and Peru?
There’s one thing all sides seem to agree on: Chile won the war relatively quickly and easily. The Chileans had a civil-military relationship without fissures, the capacity to quickly mobilize resources, and a significant technological advantage over Peru and Bolivia, especially in terms of naval power and weapons.
How safe is Bolivia?
OVERALL RISK : MEDIUM
Bolivia is somewhat safe to visit, though it has many dangers. You should be aware that tourist hotspots, restaurants, shops and public transportation are places where most thefts and pickpocketing occur, and that violent crime exists on the streets, too.
How did Chile get the entire coast?
During the War of the Pacific in the 1880s, Chile battled Peru and Bolivia for control of the lucrative, nitrate-rich land to the north. The victorious Chileans snatched up Peru’s southern tip and Bolivia’s entire Pacific coast.
Did Chile have a civil war?
The Chilean Civil War of 1891 (also known as Revolution of 1891) was a civil war in Chile fought between forces supporting Congress and forces supporting the President, José Manuel Balmaceda from 16 January 1891 to 18 September 1891.
What was the main consequence of the war of the Pacific?
The government was counting on public revenues from the nitrate industry to return to solvency. The loss of the war was catastrophic. Economic depression, financial chaos and civil war followed Peru’s defeat. Default settlement resulted in foreign monopoly control of the country’s railroads.