The territory of Chile has been populated since at least 3000 BCE. By the 16th century, Spanish conquistadors began to colonize the region of present-day Chile, and the territory was a colony between 1540 and 1818, when it gained independence from Spain.
Who colonized Chile?
Chile remained a colony of Spain for close to 300 years until Napoleon Bonaparte’s conquest of Spain weakened the country’s imperial grip on their South American colonies. Under Spanish colonial rule, northern and central Chile were part of the Viceroyalty of Peru.
Who took control of Chile in 1973?
The 1973 Chilean coup d’état was a military coup in Chile that deposed the Popular Unity government of President Salvador Allende.
Who took over Chile after Allende?
|His Excellency Salvador Allende OMCh|
|Preceded by||Eduardo Frei Montalva|
|Succeeded by||Augusto Pinochet|
|56th President of the Senate of Chile|
|In office 27 December 1966 – 15 May 1969|
Why did the US invade Chile?
The US government believed that Allende would become closer to socialist countries, such as Cuba and the Soviet Union. They feared that Allende would push Chile into socialism, and therefore lose all of the US investments made in Chile.
Who first lived in Chile?
When the first Spanish arrived in what is now Chile, indigenous Quechua tribes inhabited the northern region and Araucanian tribes inhabited the central region and the northern part of the southern region. The Incas were in control of the northern area and part of central Chile.
Who was the dictator of Chile in 1973?
The dictatorship was established after the democratically-elected socialist government of Salvador Allende was overthrown in a US-backed coup d’état on 11 September 1973. During this time, the country was ruled by a military junta headed by General Augusto Pinochet.
Who was the army general in Chile in 1973?
|His Excellency Captain General Augusto Pinochet OMCh|
|Preceded by||Salvador Allende|
|Succeeded by||Patricio Aylwin|
|President of the Government Junta of Chile|
|In office 11 September 1973 – 11 March 1981|
Who is President of Chile?
Following the November 19 general election and the presidential run-off election held on December 17, 2017, Sebastián Piñera was elected President of Chile, winning 54.51% of the vote and defeating opponent Alejandro Guillier. President Piñera was inaugurated on March 11, 2018.
What does coup d’état mean in English?
: a sudden decisive exercise of force in politics especially : the violent overthrow or alteration of an existing government by a small group a military coup d’état of the dictator.
Why did the United States support Chilean President Augusto Pinochet quizlet?
This operation was supported by the U.S, and the U.S provided aid to the participants. Pinochet believed this was necessary to save Chile from Communism. The goal was to eradicate communist and socialist ideals and to suppress active or potential opposition against the government.