What are the main physical features of South America?

South America can be divided into three physical regions: mountains and highlands, river basins, and coastal plains. Mountains and coastal plains generally run in a north-south direction, while highlands and river basins generally run in an east-west direction.

What are the two main physical features of South America?

The main two physical features of South America are the Andes Mountains and the Amazon River.

What are the main features of the relief of South America?

Topographic relief in South America is dominated by the Andes Mountains, which extend all along the Pacific Coast. These mountains are created primarily by the convergence of the Nazca and South American tectonic plates.

What are the top 5 physical features of Latin America?

What are 4 major physical features of Latin America?

  • Andes Mountains. the world’s longest mountain chain, stretching along the west coast of South America.
  • Amazon River. …
  • Orinoco River.
  • Atacama Desert.
  • Gulf of Mexico.
  • Caribbean Sea.
  • Strait of Magellan.
  • Lake Titicaca.

Why is it called South America?

The region consists of people who speak Spanish, Portuguese and French. These languages (together with Italian and Romanian) developed from Latin during the days of the Roman Empire and the Europeans who speak them are sometimes called ‘Latin’ people. Hence the term Latin America.

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What is unique about South America?

South America is a continent of extremes. It is home to the world’s largest river (the Amazon) as well as the world’s driest place (the Atacama Desert). … With an unparalleled number of plant and animal species, South America’s rich biodiversity is unique among the world’s continents.

What is South America known for?

These fun facts about South America will give you a glimpse into a continent steeped in natural beauty and culture

  • #1 The world’s second-largest swimming pool.
  • #2 No doorbells in Paraguay.
  • #3 The world’s longest mountain range.
  • #4 The world’s largest salt flat.
  • #5 12 countries but hundreds of languages.

What are 3 features of a physical map?

Physical maps show natural features such as mountains, lowlands, major rivers, seas, oceans and ecosystems like deserts and rainforests on a global scale. On a national scale, physical maps show relief and drainage features, such as rivers.

Why is South America so hot?

In general, the weather in South America is hot and humid. … One of the unique features of the climate and weather in South America is El Nino, an unusual weather pattern which occurs every six or seven years. El Nino causes very hot and wet weather along the coasts of northern Peru and Ecuador from April to October.

How do the physical features of Latin America affect everyday life?

How do the physical features of Latin America affect everyday life? Give examples. Mountains are rich in natural resources, but they also block movement and trade and isolate regions and people. … Hardwood trees, palms, tree ferns, and bamboo might be found in the rain forests of Latin America.

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