What cash crops have been the economic staples in Latin America?

Many crops thrive in the tropical climates of South America. Cashews and Brazil nuts are cultivated. Fruits such as avocado, pineapple, papaya, and guava are also native to tropical South America. Two very important cash crops are coffee and cacao, which is the source of cocoa, the base ingredient in chocolate.

What were the cash crops in Latin America?

Coffee, wheat and tobacco are some of the cash crops in Latin America. These crops were referred to as cash crops because they were exported to make revenue for the European powers.

What cash crops did the Spanish grow?

They also brought plants and seeds from Spain, including cabbage, onions, lettuce, radishes, apples, peaches, apricots, grapes, cantaloupes and watermelons, plus such grains as wheat and barley. Crops that came up with settlers from Mexico were chile, tobacco, Mexican beans and the tomato.

What important crops originated in Latin America?

Latin America: Two important crop hearth domestication were thought to have emerged in Mexico and Peru 4,000-5,000 years ago. Mexico is a hearth for beans and cotton and Peru is a hearth for potato. The most important to Americas is maize (corn).

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What are the 3 climate zones in Latin America?

∎ Five climate zones: Caliente (hot), Templada (warm), Fria (cold), Helada (frozen), and Paramos. formed by the subduction of the Pacific plate beneath South America. Argentina – South of Santiago the mountains are lower.

What are 3 major plantation crops grown in the tropics of Latin America?

Many crops thrive in the tropical climates of South America. Cashews and Brazil nuts are cultivated. Fruits such as avocado, pineapple, papaya, and guava are also native to tropical South America. Two very important cash crops are coffee and cacao, which is the source of cocoa, the base ingredient in chocolate.

What did Spain depend on Latin America to export?

Spain’s economic power was built on silver exports from Spanish America. The silver peso was both an export commodity as well as the first global money, transforming the economies of Europe as well as China.

Which two countries would import the majority of the slaves to Latin America?

During the nearly four centuries in which slavery existed in the Americas, Brazil was responsible for importing 35 percent of the slaves from Africa (4 million) while Spanish America imported about 20 percent (2.5 million) all during the Atlantic Slave Trade.

What is Spain’s largest export?

Spain main exports were: capital goods (20 percent of total exports); food, beverages and tobacco (17 percent); automotive sector (16 percent); chemicals (14 percent); consumer goods (10 percent); non-chemical semi-manufactured products (10 percent); and energy products (7 percent).

What is the name for the large cash crop farms in the Spanish Americas?

The flat land was good for farming and so the landowners built very large farms called plantations. The crops that were grown were called cash crops because they were harvested for the specific purpose of selling to others.

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