The 1988 Chilean national plebiscite was a national referendum held on 5 October 1988 to determine whether Chile’s de facto leader, Augusto Pinochet, should extend his rule for another eight years through 1996. The “No” side won with nearly 56% of the vote, thus ending Pinochet’s fifteen and a half years in power.
Why was there a plebiscite in Chile?
The plebiscite was held as a response to the 2019 Chilean protests, specifically after the biggest march of Chile held on 25 October 2019, which took part in Santiago with more than 1.2 million people participating.
How did Pinochet come to power in Chile?
On 11 September 1973, Pinochet seized power in Chile in a coup d’état, with the support of the U.S., that toppled Allende’s democratically elected Unidad Popular government and ended civilian rule. … According to the Chilean government, the number of executions and forced disappearances was 3,095.
Why did Salvador Allende lose power in Chile in 1973?
In August 1973 the Chilean Senate declared the Allende administration to be “unlawful,” due in large part to direction and intervention by the CIA over its expropriation of private property. Allende’s presidency was ended by a military coup before the end of his term.
Why was there a plebiscite in Chile October 5 1988?
The 1988 Chilean national plebiscite was a national referendum held on 5 October 1988 to determine whether Chile’s de facto leader, Augusto Pinochet, should extend his rule for another eight years through 1996. The “No” side won with nearly 56% of the vote, thus ending the general’s fifteen and a half years in power.
Who wrote Chile constitution?
It was created by José Antonio Rodríguez Aldea. It was the first constitution that established a bicameral legislature, meanwhile, the figure of the supreme director as executive power remained, for a 6-year period, with a possibility of reelection for another 4 years.
What happened in Chile between 1973 and 1990?
A right-wing authoritarian military dictatorship ruled Chile for seventeen years, between September 11, 1973 and March 11, 1990. … The military utilized the breakdown of democracy and the economic crisis that took place during Allende’s presidency to justify its seizure of power.
When did Chile become democratic?
In December 1989, Patricio Aylwin, head of the Concertación coalition, won the first democratic election in Chile since 1970.
Why did the US not like Allende?
The US government believed that Allende would become closer to socialist countries, such as Cuba and the Soviet Union. They feared that Allende would push Chile into socialism, and therefore lose all of the US investments made in Chile.
Why did the Chile Revolution start?
It developed in the context of the Spanish American Wars of independence, a military and political process that began after the formation of self-government juntas in the Spanish-American colonies, in response to the capture of King Ferdinand VII of Spain by Napoleonic forces in 1808.