Mapuche are the largest indigenous groups in Chile, comprising about 84 per cent of the total indigenous population or about 1.3 million people. In some provinces in the eighth and ninth regions, a high proportion of the rural population is Mapuche. … Historically, Mapuche people have dedicated themselves to agriculture.
What does the name Mapuche mean?
The name “Mapuche” is composed of two parts: “Mapu”, which means land; and “che”, which means people. … Before the Spanish arrived in 1541, the Mapuche occupied a vast territory in the “southern cone” of the continent and the population numbered about two million.
What is the Mapuche culture like?
The Mapuche people lived in the fertile valleys of Southern Chile at the time of the Spanish arrival. They lived in small groups with a culture based mainly on hunting and gathering. … They were able to resist the Spanish conquest for years adapting their techniques and using their vast numbers to combat the enemy.
Is Mapuche spoken in Chile?
Mapuche (/mæˈpʊtʃi/) or Mapudungun (from mapu ‘land’ and dungun ‘speak, speech’) is an Araucanian language related to Huilliche spoken in south-central Chile and west central Argentina by the Mapuche people (from mapu ‘land’ and che ‘people’).
Who first lived in Chile?
When the first Spanish arrived in what is now Chile, indigenous Quechua tribes inhabited the northern region and Araucanian tribes inhabited the central region and the northern part of the southern region. The Incas were in control of the northern area and part of central Chile.