The Inca built their cities with locally available materials, usually including limestone or granite. To cut these hard rocks the Inca used stone, bronze or copper tools, usually splitting the stones along the natural fracture lines. Without the wheel the stones were rolled up with wood beams on earth ramps.
What natural resources did the Incas use?
The main resources available to the Inca Empire were agricultural land and labor, mines (producing precious and prestigious metals such as gold, silver or copper), and fresh water, abundant everywhere except along the desert coast.
What materials did the Incas use to create many crafts?
The Incas used cotton, the wool of alpacas, llamas and the superior and rare wool of vicuñas and guanacos. Clothing made of the wool of vicuñas and guanacos was exclusively for the Inca and the nobility.
Why did the Spanish conquistadors not destroy Machu Picchu?
The Spanish did not destroy Machu Picchu because they did not know it was there. It was built high in the Andes Mountains and could not be seen from…
What did the Incas invent that we use today?
Many Inca roads and bridges can still be used today. In fact, the Inca faced so many problems getting from mountain to mountain that they invented different kinds of bridges. One was a suspension bridge, which uses thick cables to hold up the walkway.
How did the Incas get money?
The Incas did not use money, in fact they did not need it. Their economy was so efficiently planned that every citizen had their basic needs met. Economic exchanges were made using the barter system by which people traded with each other for things they needed.
What crops did the Incas grow?
They developed resilient breeds of crops such as potatoes, quinoa and corn. They built cisterns and irrigation canals that snaked and angled down and around the mountains. And they cut terraces into the hillsides, progressively steeper, from the valleys up the slopes.
What religion did the Incas practice?
The Inca religion centered on a pantheon of gods that included Inti; a creator god named Viracocha; and Apu Illapu, the rain god. Impressive shrines were built throughout the kingdom, including a massive Sun Temple in Cusco that measured more than 1,200 feet in circumference.
Why is Machu Picchu called the Lost City?
Machu Picchu was a city of the Inca Empire. It is sometimes called the “lost city” because the Spanish never discovered the city when they conquered the Inca in the 1500s. Today the city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
What medicines did the Incas use?
The bark of one tree, for example, produced quinine, which the Incas used to cure cramps, chills, and many other ailments. The Incas used the leaves of the coca plant to numb people who were in pain. (Cocaine, which is derived from the same plant, was later prescribed by modern doctors for the same purpose.)