Crops cultivated across the Inca Empire included maize, coca, beans, grains, potatoes, sweet potatoes, ulluco, oca, mashwa, pepper, tomatoes, peanuts, cashews, squash, cucumber, quinoa, gourd, cotton, talwi, carob, chirimoya, lúcuma, guayabo, and avocado. Livestock was primarily llama and alpaca herds.
What plants did the Incas grow?
The crops they grew included maize (corn), squash, beans, chili peppers, and cacao (cocoa), which is used to make chocolate.
Did the Incas grow rice?
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), which comes from South America, is frequently referred to as the rice of the Incas although it belongs to the amaranth family and is therefore more closely related to spinach or turnips.
What is Inca terrace farming?
The Incas carved out these bench terraces, or andenes, to create level platforms for growing crops on the steep slopes of the Andes. The bench terraces shown here are located at Machu Picchu and would have been used to provide maize or potatoes for this remote city.
What did the Incas drink?
The rustic corn beer known as chicha de jora was once a sacred drink of the Incas, and it’s still widely consumed in the Andean highlands, homebrewed by locals. For just one Peruvian sol (around 30 cents), you can get drunk in Peru’s Sacred Valley.
Did the Incas grow carrots?
To them the Incas were backward, and they forced the Andean natives to replace crops that had held a valued place for thousands of years with European species like wheat, barley and carrots. … ”This is a fantastic wealth of food crops that has been overlooked by the world for almost five centuries,” said Noel D.
How were the stones of Machu Picchu cut?
To cut these hard rocks the Inca used stone, bronze or copper tools, usually splitting the stones along the natural fracture lines. Without the wheel the stones were rolled up with wood beams on earth ramps. … The Incas would sand large, finely shaped stones which they would fit together in jigsaw like patterns.