When did Chile referendum restore democracy?

The 54 proposed amendments were approved by 91% of voters in a referendum on 30 July 1989. Presidential and parliamentary elections took place as scheduled on 14 December 1989. The opposition candidate, Christian Democrat Patricio Aylwin, won the election with 55% of the vote, and took office on 11 March 1990.

When was the referendum decided in Chile to restore democracy?

The Chilean transition to democracy began when a Constitution establishing a transition itinerary was approved in a plebiscite. From March 11, 1981 to March 1990, several organic constitutional laws were approved, leading to the final restoration of democracy.

When did Chile overthrow the government?

The 1973 Chilean coup d’état was a military coup in Chile that deposed the Popular Unity government of President Salvador Allende.

When did Chile stop being a dictatorship?

In that referendum, the Chilean people denied Pinochet a new mandate, opening the way for the reestablishment of democracy in 1990. Consequently, democratic presidential elections were held the following year. The military dictatorship ended in 1990 with the election of Christian-Democrat candidate Patricio Aylwin.

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How many times has the Chilean Constitution been amended?

It was amended for the first time on 1989 (through a referendum) and afterwards, on 1991, 1994, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, and 2021, these last three with relation the current constituent process.

Who controls most of the minerals in Chile?

During the 1990s the government enacted new laws to open up the industry to private companies, but the majority of copper mines in Chile are still controlled by the state (Codelco).

What was the result of referendum held in 1988 in Chile?

The 1988 Chilean national plebiscite was a national referendum held on 5 October 1988 to determine whether Chile’s de facto leader, Augusto Pinochet, should extend his rule for another eight years through 1996. The “No” side won with nearly 56% of the vote, thus ending the general’s fifteen and a half years in power.

Why did the US not like Allende?

The US government believed that Allende would become closer to socialist countries, such as Cuba and the Soviet Union. They feared that Allende would push Chile into socialism, and therefore lose all of the US investments made in Chile.

Who was Allende in Chile?

Salvador Allende, in full Salvador Allende Gossens, (born June 26, 1908, Valparaíso, Chile—died September 11, 1973, Santiago), Chile’s first socialist president. … He participated in the founding (1933) of Chile’s Socialist Party.

What does coup d’état mean in English?

: a sudden decisive exercise of force in politics especially : the violent overthrow or alteration of an existing government by a small group a military coup d’état of the dictator.

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What is the political status of Chile?

Chile’s government is a representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Chile is both head of state and head of government, and of a formal multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the president and by his or her cabinet.

Who was the first democratically elected Marxist president in the world?

Salvador Allende was the president of Chile from 1970 until his 1973 suicide, and head of the Popular Unity government; he was the first Marxist ever to be elected to the national presidency of a liberal democracy in Latin America.