Rio de Janeiro became the colonial capital in 1763 and was the capital of independent Brazil from 1822 until 1960, when the national capital was moved to the new city of Brasília; the territory constituting the former Federal District was converted into Guanabara state, which formed an enclave in Rio de Janeiro state.
Why is Rio de Janeiro not the capital of Brazil anymore?
Brazil moved its capital from Rio de Janeiro to Brasilia to assert its independence, exchanging a colonial capital on the coast for a new interior capital. The interior, underdeveloped, location of the new capital allowed a fresh start as well as an opportunity to develop the region.
Has Sao Paulo ever been the capital of Brazil?
In reality, Brazil has only had three official capitals, each one relating to a distinct phase in its social and cultural history. … Today São Paulo, while Rio remains the historical capital of Brazil and the capital of the tourist imaginary of Brazil, serves as the cultural capital of the country.
Why is Brazil a forward capital?
As Brazil developed economically, the population became more and more concentrated along the coast. In the 1960s, Brazilians built a new capital, Brasília. A forward capital, its location, near the frontier of settlement, was designed to aid in the development of the interior.
Which country first colonized Brazil?
Brazil was officially “discovered” in 1500, when a fleet commanded by Portuguese diplomat Pedro Álvares Cabral, on its way to India, landed in Porto Seguro, between Salvador and Rio de Janeiro.
Does Brazil have 4 seasons?
As Brazil lies in the Southern Hemisphere, its seasons are the exact opposite of what Northern Hemisphere residents are used to: summer is December through March and winter June through September. Within the country the climate varies considerably from region to region.