José de San Martín, (born February 25, 1778, Yapeyú, viceroyalty of Río de la Plata [now in Argentina]—died August 17, 1850, Boulogne-sur-Mer, France), Argentine soldier, statesman, and national hero who helped lead the revolutions against Spanish rule in Argentina (1812), Chile (1818), and Peru (1821).
When did Argentina gain its independence & From whom?
After Argentina gained independence from the Spanish in 1816, the nation was paralyzed by tension between Centralist and Federalist forces.
Why did Argentina declare independence from Spain?
The independence of Argentina is formally proclaimed on 9 July 1816, abandoning any pretence that the junta has been governing on behalf of Ferdinand VII. (The decision is simplified by the reactionary and incompetent rule of the Spanish king after he recovers his throne in 1814.)
What are 3 interesting facts about Argentina?
21 Amazing Facts About Argentina
- Argentina produced the world’s first animated feature film in 1917. …
- Yerba Mate is the most popular drink in Argentina. …
- Argentina is home to both the highest and lowest points of the Southern Hemisphere. …
- The capital of Argentina Buenos Aires translates to the ‘good airs’ or ‘fair winds’
How many years was Argentina a Spanish colony?
Background: Spain colonized Argentina in the 16th century; it declared its independence in 1816 and emerged as a democratic republic in the mid 19th century, but has since then periodically fallen under military rule.
How many people died in the Argentine war for independence?
103 killed and 433 wounded of 3,700 men engaged. the country independent and adopted a constitution.
What did Argentina do after gaining Independence?
Rector, Universidad Argentina de la Empresa, Argentina. Profesor, Universidad del CEMA y Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina. After de facto Independence from Spain in 1810 the economy of Buenos Aires enjoyed a dramatic improvement in its terms of trade, in the order of 400%.