On September 13, Pinochet was named President of Chile, whereupon he dismantled Congress and outlawed many Chilean leftist political parties. The takeover of the government ended a 46-year history of democratic rule in Chile.
Who was the president of Chile from 1970 to 1973?
Salvador Allende was the president of Chile from 1970 until his 1973 suicide, and head of the Popular Unity government; he was the first Marxist ever to be elected to the national presidency of a liberal democracy in Latin America.
Who won the 1970 election in Chile?
Presidential elections were held in Chile on 4 September 1970. Salvador Allende of the Popular Unity alliance won a narrow plurality in the public vote, before having his victory confirmed by a Congressional vote after the Christian Democrats voted in favour of his candidacy.
Who was president of Chile whose government was overthrown in 1973?
The 1973 Chilean coup d’état was a military coup in Chile that deposed the Popular Unity government of President Salvador Allende.
Who was the army general in Chile in 1973?
|His Excellency Captain General Augusto Pinochet OMCh|
|Preceded by||Salvador Allende|
|Succeeded by||Patricio Aylwin|
|President of the Government Junta of Chile|
|In office 11 September 1973 – 11 March 1981|
What type of government did Chile have before Pinochet took over in 1973?
Military dictatorship of Chile (1973–1990) – Wikipedia.
Why did the US not like Allende?
The US government believed that Allende would become closer to socialist countries, such as Cuba and the Soviet Union. They feared that Allende would push Chile into socialism, and therefore lose all of the US investments made in Chile.
What does coup d’état mean in English?
: a sudden decisive exercise of force in politics especially : the violent overthrow or alteration of an existing government by a small group a military coup d’état of the dictator.
What happened Tomas Allende?
Allende had died in a gun battle, his suicide became a source of pride, rather than shame, for the surviving family members, she said. “It was an extremely courageous act for someone who loved life as he did,” Ms. Allende said.
When did Chile become a democracy again?
In December 1989, Patricio Aylwin, head of the Concertación coalition, won the first democratic election in Chile since 1970.
What is the Unidad Popular?
Popular Unity (Spanish: Unidad Popular, UP) was a left-wing political alliance in Chile that stood behind the successful candidacy of Salvador Allende for the 1970 Chilean presidential election.
Who was Salvador Allende quizlet?
Salvador Allende was the first socialist president of Chile, and was a Marxist. He was born on July 26, 1908. He was a co-founder of Chile’s socialist party, and he became the president of Chile in 1970 after two failed attempts at running for president previously.
Why were the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo upset with Argentina’s military government?
Why were the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo upset with Argentina’s military government? Their children were missing. … Their children had no homes. He was a strong military leader who ruled as a dictator.