It is thought that the Spanish conquistadores did not track down Machu Picchu because it had actually been abandoned by the Incas shortly before the arrival of Spanish soldiers to the Cusco area during their conquest of the Incas in the 1530’s.
Was Machu Picchu discovered by the Spanish?
The Spanish conquistadors never saw Machu Picchu and consequently never wrote about it. A few other outsiders had seen it in the years before Bingham, but he was the one who revealed it to the world at large and it made him famous.
Why was Machu Picchu built so high?
The most common conclusion from experts on Inca history and archaeologists is that it was built first and foremost as a retreat for the Inca and his family to worship natural resources, deities and specially the Sun, Inti.
The big question is: how did it take so long to be discovered? The answer lies in the preventive measures the Incas took to avoid its discovery. The Incas left the site one hundred years after they made it in fear that the Spanish settlers would find it.
How were the stones of Machu Picchu cut?
To cut these hard rocks the Inca used stone, bronze or copper tools, usually splitting the stones along the natural fracture lines. Without the wheel the stones were rolled up with wood beams on earth ramps. … The Incas would sand large, finely shaped stones which they would fit together in jigsaw like patterns.