Cause and origin. The northern portion of the Arid Diagonal is a result of the blocking of the trade winds by the barrier formed by the Central Andes and the South Pacific High and to the south in the westerlies the rain shadow the Southern Andes casts over eastern Patagonia.
What type of climate does western South America have?
The climate of South America is predominantly wet and humid. However, the large size of the continent makes the climate of South America varied with each region depending on factors such as geographical location, ocean currents, and winds.
Where are arid climates found in South America?
Atacama Desert, Chile. Warm and cold deserts and certain coastal and interior regions are classified as arid climates. Patagonia and northwestern Argentina constitute the largest of the interior arid regions.
Why is the West coast of South America cold?
The waters off the west coast of South America are normally very cold for their latitudes. … During a major El Niño, the normally cold water off the west coast of South America becomes much warmer, exceeding the normal temperatures by several degrees, while the waters in the western Pacific cool.
Is South America cold or hot?
In general, the weather in South America is hot and humid. Countries in the Amazon baisn like Northern Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador and Venezuela have are dominated by rainforest and have consistent hot and humid weather year-round with high rainfall.
What are the 3 climate zones in Latin America?
∎ Five climate zones: Caliente (hot), Templada (warm), Fria (cold), Helada (frozen), and Paramos. formed by the subduction of the Pacific plate beneath South America. Argentina – South of Santiago the mountains are lower.
What is the dominant religion of South America?
Religion in South America has been a major influence on art, culture, philosophy and law. Christianity is the main religion, with Roman Catholics having the most adherents. Sizeable minorities of non-religious people and adherents of other religions are also present.
What is the elevation and climate of the land in western South America?
Explanation: In the deciduous forest on the outermost edge, it is a normal cold, wet, winter and warm summers. In the mountainous region right outside it, it is normally cold, wet, and snowy. Finally in the rainforest region, It is very hot and rains a lot.
What is the elevation of the land in western South America?
At 22,831 feet (6,959 metres) above sea level, Mount Aconcagua, in Argentina, near the border with Chile, is not only the continent’s highest point but also the highest elevation in the Western Hemisphere.
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