Almost 70,000 people died or disappeared in more than a decade of conflict between the Maoist guerrilla group and the Peruvian state. Guzmán’s arrest hit the group hard, but a few of its members are still active in the coca-producing region.
When did the Shining Path end?
However, a small cell of rebels continued to fight, following the leadership of Oscar Alberto Ramirez Durand, known as Feliciano. Those following Feliciano fought until Feliciano’s arrest in 1999. After that, Shining Path largely ceased to exist.
How many people were killed by the Shining Path?
An estimated 69,000 people, mostly in Peru’s poor interior, were killed between 1980 and 2000 in the internal conflict launched by the Shining Path.
Was the Shining Path successful?
But the Shining Path never seized power, and the power vacuum that the guerrillas and military had created was filled in 1990 by the newly elected Alberto Fujimori. Fujimori’s iron rule successfully crushed the Shining Path once and for all, finally capturing Guzman and sentencing him to life in an island prison.
Does Shining Path still exist?
The Shining Path or the Militarized Communist Party (Militarizado Partido Comunista – MPC) is the last remnant of Peru’s guerrilla movement from the end of the 20th Century. Although the group is in decline, it still maintains influence in the VRAEM due to its drug trafficking alliances.
What does the Shining Path want?
The Shining Path’s main goal was to destroy existing Peruvian political institutions and replace them with a communist peasant revolutionary regime, while resisting any influence coming from other Latin American guerrilla groups like the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA), as well as from foreign ideologies.
Who founded the Shining Path?
Why does the end of the Shining Path matter to world history?
At the end of the war, a truth and reconciliation commission estimated that of the nearly seventy thousand dead, the Shining Path was responsible for 54 percent of the deaths, the government—army, police, rondas—for 37 percent (some cases were unclear or the result of violence by other, smaller groups).