Before Spanish colonization, Ecuador was part of the Inca Empire which was established in the early 15th century. Spain established a colony in Ecuador in the 16th century which was known as “Real Audiencia of Quito.” The colony was established in August 1563 through a royal decree.
Has Ecuador been colonized?
During much of the colonial period, what is now Ecuador was under the direct jurisdiction of the law court (audiencia) of Quito and ultimately under the rule of the Spanish crown. In the Sierra, the Spaniards established a colony of large estates worked by indigenous peons. …
How long was Ecuador ruled by Spain?
Ecuador was part of the Viceroyalty of Peru until 1740, when it was transferred to the Viceroyalty of New Granada (together with Colombia and Venezuela). With hardly any gold or silver, Ecuador did not draw many Europeans settlers throughout the Spanish colonial period, which lasted until 1822.
Is Ecuador a US ally?
In 1839 the United States and Ecuador signed a Treaty of Peace, Friendship, Navigation, and Commerce. Over the past nearly 200 years, the U.S.-Ecuador relationship has expanded in significant ways. The United States is Ecuador’s largest trading partner and its top partner in higher education.
Why did the Incas destroy Quito?
Many years ago, Quito was the northern capital of the Incan Empire. The Incas destroyed the city in an effort to prevent it from falling into the hands of the conquistadors. When the country came under Spanish rule only a year later, the city was rebuilt from the ruins that scattered the area.
Why is Ecuador so densely populated?
The country has a population of over 16.1 million people, which translates to a population density of 152.7 persons per square mile, the highest in the continent. Ecuador’s high density is attributed to a rapidly growing population within its relatively small territory.
Are Incas from Ecuador?
The Inca civilization expansion northward from modern-day Peru during the late 15th century met with fierce resistance by several Ecuadorian tribes, particularly the Cañari, in the region around modern-day Cuenca; the Cara in the Sierra north of Quito along with the Quitu, occupants of the site of the modern capital, …
Who lived in Ecuador before the Incas?
The people known as the Valdivia, who occupied the Santa Elena Peninsula over 5500 years ago, are recognized as creating Ecuador’s first stable settlement and non-nomadic culture. Not only were the Valdivia Ecuador’s first settled culture, but they were one of the oldest cultures found throughout the Americas.
What is Ecuador known for?
Ecuador is famous for being home to the Galapagos Islands, but there is so much more to the fourth smallest nation in South America. From its historic links to the ancient Inca to unusual modern-day exports, here are 12 amazing things you didn’t know about Ecuador.