Galapagos Islands, Spanish Islas Galápagos, officially Archipiélago de Colón (“Columbus Archipelago”), island group of the eastern Pacific Ocean, administratively a province of Ecuador.
Why does Ecuador own the Galapagos Islands?
Ecuador annexed the islands in 1832, shortly after its independence and three years before Darwin’s famous Beagle voyage. … At first, Ecuador named the island chain the “Archipelago of Ecuador”, which then changed to “Archipelago de Colon” in 1892 as a tribute to Christopher Columbus and his discovery of the Americas.
Who used to own the Galapagos Islands?
Up to 1832, the islands were nominally owned by Spain, which, however, had taken little intersest in them and had done almost nothing to enforce its claim. In 1832, they were claimed by the 2 year old Republic of Ecuador (which lies 1000 km to the east), and named the “Archipelago del Ecuador”.
What country has possession of the Galapagos Islands?
The Galápagos Islands are a part of the Republic of Ecuador, are an archipelago of volcanic islands distributed on either side of the equator in the Pacific Ocean surrounding the center of the Western Hemisphere.
How long is the boat ride from Ecuador to Galapagos?
Getting there By Boat
It takes 3 or more days by sea to reach the Islands. The boat sailing to the Islands from mainland Ecuador usually lacks the comforts found on cruise ships and touring yachts, most likely it is a cargo boat.
Can you stay on the Galapagos Islands?
There are hostels, hotels, B&Bs, guest houses, and specialized camping options. … A: The Galapagos has four inhabited islands that each offer hotel options: Santa Cruz, San Cristobal, Isabela, and Floreana. The other islands and islets of the archipelago are not inhabited by humans, and do not permit any overnight stays.
Why did English pirates settle in Galapagos?
English privateers used the Galapagos Archipelago as a base of operation for raiding Spanish galleons that were transporting gold and silver from the New World back to Spain. Using the islands as a refuge after raids, the pirates established ports like Buccaneer Cove on Santiago Island.
Where is Galapagos found?
The islands are located in the eastern Pacific Ocean, 973 km (605 mi) off the west coast of South America. The closest land mass is that of mainland Ecuador, the country to which they belong, 926 km (500 nmi) to the east.
Why are the Galapagos Islands famous?
Six hundred miles off the coast of Ecuador lies the Galápagos Archipelago: a world unto itself, forged of lava and isolated for thousands of years. The islands are known for their famously fearless wildlife and as a source of inspiration for Darwin’s theory of evolution.