South America can be divided into three physical regions: mountains and highlands, river basins, and coastal plains. Mountains and coastal plains generally run in a north-south direction, while highlands and river basins generally run in an east-west direction.
Why is South America called the land of extremes?
In geographic terms, it has some of the hottest, driest deserts in the world (the Atacama and Sonoran deserts) while having the largest rain-forest in the world (the Amazon).
Why is South America lopsided?
We conclude by identifying three critical factors that explain Latin American inequality: its position within a global economic system, internal colonialism with maintenance of racial categories, and the underdevelopment of state structures.
What are the two best known features of South America?
The main two physical features of South America are the Andes Mountains and the Amazon River.
What is a fun fact about South America?
Because South America is shaped like a triangle it has the least amount of coastline than any continent, despite its large land area. The highest waterfall in the world is located in South America. It is Angel Falls in Venezuela. The world’s largest river by volume in the world is the Amazon River in South America.