The first colonial settlements were established by Domingo Martínez de Irala in the period 1536–56. The first Spanish colonists, unsuccessful in their search for gold, settled peacefully among the Guaraní in the region of Asunción, the present capital of Paraguay.
Who were the first people in Paraguay?
Paraguay – History. The original inhabitants of present-day Paraguay were Guaraní Amerindians of the Tupi-Guaraní language family. As many as 150,000 Amerindians may have been living in Paraguay at the time of the earliest European contacts.
What nationality lives in Paraguay?
About 95% of the people are of mixed Spanish and Guarani Indian descent. Little trace is left of the original Guarani culture except the language, which is spoken by 90% of the population. About 75% of all Paraguayans also speak Spanish. Guarani and Spanish are official languages.
What is a major problem in Paraguay?
A major problem the government faces in servicing the debt and maintaining economic growth is its inability to get control of foreign exchange. Much of Paraguay’s external trade is contraband, with the dollars passing into the black market.
Is Paraguay rich or poor?
“Paraguay is a rich country, but full of poor people,” says Eladio Flecha, general secretary of the Partido Paraguay Pyahura. “The distribution of wealth is very unequal: 80 percent of land is held by 2.5 percent of the population, and 161 people control 90 percent of the wealth of our country.
Was there slavery in Paraguay?
The decline and eventual end of slavery in Paraguay began in 1842 with the Free Womb Laws which stated that the children of slaves after that date would be free. During the War of Triple Alliance in 1864 the country unofficially ended slavery as many Afro-Paraguayans, slave and free, became soldiers.