How long was Ecuador ruled by Spain?

After their brutal conquest of the region, the Spanish kept the peace in Ecuador for close to two hundred years. Disease brought from Europe ravaged the indigenous populations, and during the colonization, much of the pre-Columbian culture was lost.

How long was Ecuador colonized by Spain?

The Spanish first arrived in Ecuador in the 1520s and were able to take over the land from the Incans in 1531. After several years of rule by the Spanish crown Ecuador became an important part of the Viceroyalty of Peru. Ecuador remained a dependent part of Peru until the early eighteenth century.

What was Ecuador before?

Ecuador was part of the Viceroyalty of Peru until 1740, when it was transferred to the Viceroyalty of New Granada (together with Colombia and Venezuela). With hardly any gold or silver, Ecuador did not draw many Europeans settlers throughout the Spanish colonial period, which lasted until 1822.

Who lived in Ecuador before the Incas?

The people known as the Valdivia, who occupied the Santa Elena Peninsula over 5500 years ago, are recognized as creating Ecuador’s first stable settlement and non-nomadic culture. Not only were the Valdivia Ecuador’s first settled culture, but they were one of the oldest cultures found throughout the Americas.

IT IS INTERESTING:  Your question: What is Chile known for producing?

Why did the Incas destroy Quito?

Many years ago, Quito was the northern capital of the Incan Empire. The Incas destroyed the city in an effort to prevent it from falling into the hands of the conquistadors. When the country came under Spanish rule only a year later, the city was rebuilt from the ruins that scattered the area.

Who named Ecuador?

The new country took its name from the Spanish word for Equator. A Venezuelan general Juan Jose Flores became the first President of Ecuador.

What is the second most widely spoken language in Ecuador?

Languages Of Ecuador Used for Intercultural Relations

The second most commonly spoken languages in Ecuador are Kichwa and Shuar, which are used for intercultural relations. Kichwa belongs to the Quechuan language family and is spoken by between 1 and 2 million individuals.

What are the natives of Ecuador called?

KICHWA (QUICHUA): THE PEOPLE, THE LANGUAGE, AND THE SPANISH INFLUENCE. The Quechuas are held to be Ecuador’s most populous indigenous ethnic group, and indeed the Quechua are the largest indigenous peoples throughout the Americas.