Squatter settlements, called barriadas in Peru, ranchosin Venezuela, callampas in Chile, villas miseriasin Argentina, and by a host of other names in other countries, are an important and permanent part of the urban social system, containing between 10 per cent and 50 per cent of the population of most cities.
What are squatter settlements also called?
Also known as shantytowns, slums, favelas in Brazil, and bustees in South Asia, they involve the extralegal occupation and settlement of public or private land, often by migrants from rural areas. … Squatter settlements may be demolished in slum clearance programs.
What are slums called in South America?
Favela, also spelled favella, in Brazil, a slum or shantytown located within or on the outskirts of the country’s large cities, especially Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo.
What is meant by the term squatter settlement?
The term squatter settlement is often used as a general term to encompass low-quality housing, occupied by the poor, usually on the periphery of cities in the Global South. … Formally, a squatter settlement is identified by land tenure, with residents occupying land illegally, that is, squatting.
Why do people live in squatter settlement?
There are two reasons for this: one is internal to the squatter, and the other is external. Internal reasons include, lack of collateral assets; lack of savings and other financial assets; daily wage/low-income jobs (which in many cases are semi-permanent or temporary).
What are the main characteristics of a squatter settlement?
The squatter settlement is unplanned and has the following characteristics:
- overcrowded and noisy.
- houses are made from cardboard, wood, corrugated iron, plastic sheeting and metal from oil drums.
- lack of sanitation, clean drinking water and open sewers.
- pollution and disease are common.
Are there slums in Argentina?
2 million people live in slums near Buenos Aires. Overcrowding in the city (1/3 of the population live in the metropolitan area) mean that the housing problems are concentrated in that urban zone.
What are slums called in Mexico?
About 10 per cent of all housing in Mexico City is in vecindades. Ciudades perdidas: this is a broad concept referring to small-scale pockets of shanty housing on vacant land or undesirable urban locations. These are no longer quantitatively important as a form of slum.
What is the difference between slum and squatter settlement?
Squatter settlements are residential area in an urban locality inhabited by the very poor. … Slums are residential areas which are socially as well physically deteriorated. 2. Such people do not have any access to tenured land of their own therefore they squat on vacant land may be either private property.
How do you describe a squatter area?
A squatter settlement therefore, can be defined as a residential area which has developed without legal claims to the land and/or permission from the concerned authorities to build; as a result of their illegal or semi-legal status, infrastructure and services are usually inadequate.