8% of the economically active population. Venezuela continues to rely heavily on food and agricultural imports. Despite abundant resources favorable to agricultural production, 70% of cereals and 98% of oilseeds consumed in Venezuela are imported.
Does Venezuela have fertile land?
Only some 4 percent of Venezuela’s total area, or about 3.8 million hectares, was considered readily arable or already under cultivation in the late 1980s. Some estimates claimed that as much as one-third of the country’s total land area was suitable for agriculture.
Where are crops grown in Venezuela?
Crops are grown in the northern mountains of Venezuela and their foothills. In 1998, of the country’s 15.367 million heads of livestock, 61 percent were cattle and 19 percent were pigs. Cattle grazing takes place in the plains (Llanos) area of Venezuela.
What vegetables grow in Venezuela?
Vegetables included tomatoes, lettuce, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, eggplant, cucumber, beets, and peas. The more moderate regions of Venezuela were also suitable for a wide variety of fruits. Depending on the seasonal crop, the country exported small amounts of tropical fruits.
How much of Venezuela is farmland?
The agricultural area of Venezuela is variously reported as 21.6 million hectares to 34.6 million hectares. The FAO reports that 84 percent of the former figure is covered by permanent pastures, while Venezuela estimated that 79 percent of the latter area was adequate for livestock production.
What is the soil like in Venezuela?
Soils. Relatively infertile, reddish latosols are common in Venezuela’s Llanos and in the Guiana Highlands. Abundant moisture leaches some soils of all but the most insoluble minerals, including iron and aluminum sesquioxides, which are collectively known as laterite.
Which product is Venezuela’s main cash crop?
Venezuela’s main cash crop is coffee, and its staple food crops are corn (maize) and rice.
Why is Venezuela’s unemployment rate so high?
It is mainly a structural unemployment which may be explained by four factors: the high rate of migration from the rural to the urban sector; the high capital-intensity of the industrial sector in Venezuela; the unimportant role of agriculture in the economic development of Venezuela; and labor policy.
What are common jobs in Venezuela?
Below is a list of the nation’s major industries:
- Iron, Steel, and Aluminum.