The dictatorship was established after the democratically-elected socialist government of Salvador Allende was overthrown in a US-backed coup d’état on 11 September 1973. During this time, the country was ruled by a military junta headed by General Augusto Pinochet.
Who ruled Chile in 1973?
|His Excellency Captain General Augusto Pinochet OMCh|
|Preceded by||Salvador Allende|
|Succeeded by||Patricio Aylwin|
|President of the Government Junta of Chile|
|In office 11 September 1973 – 11 March 1981|
What happened to Pinochet of Chile?
Authorised to return to Chile, Pinochet was subsequently indicted by judge Juan Guzmán Tapia and charged with several crimes. He died on 10 December 2006 without having been convicted. … Pinochet led a 11 September 1973 coup which deposed Socialist President Salvador Allende.
Who took over Chile after Allende?
|His Excellency Salvador Allende OMCh|
|Preceded by||Eduardo Frei Montalva|
|Succeeded by||Augusto Pinochet|
|56th President of the Senate of Chile|
|In office 27 December 1966 – 15 May 1969|
What happened to Salvador Allende?
Chile’s armed forces stage a coup d’état against the government of President Salvador Allende, the first democratically elected Marxist leader in Latin America.
Why did the US invade Chile?
The US government believed that Allende would become closer to socialist countries, such as Cuba and the Soviet Union. They feared that Allende would push Chile into socialism, and therefore lose all of the US investments made in Chile.
What type of government did Chile have before Pinochet took over in 1973?
Military dictatorship of Chile (1973–1990) – Wikipedia.
How were human rights violated under Pinochet?
The systematic human rights violations that were committed by the military dictatorship of Chile, under General Augusto Pinochet, included gruesome acts of physical and sexual abuse, as well as psychological damage.
Who is president of Chile?
Following the November 19 general election and the presidential run-off election held on December 17, 2017, Sebastián Piñera was elected President of Chile, winning 54.51% of the vote and defeating opponent Alejandro Guillier. President Piñera was inaugurated on March 11, 2018.
Who was Allende in Chile?
Salvador Allende, in full Salvador Allende Gossens, (born June 26, 1908, Valparaíso, Chile—died September 11, 1973, Santiago), Chile’s first socialist president. … He participated in the founding (1933) of Chile’s Socialist Party.
Why did the United States support Chilean President Augusto Pinochet quizlet?
This operation was supported by the U.S, and the U.S provided aid to the participants. Pinochet believed this was necessary to save Chile from Communism. The goal was to eradicate communist and socialist ideals and to suppress active or potential opposition against the government.
What does coup d’etat mean in English?
: a sudden decisive exercise of force in politics especially : the violent overthrow or alteration of an existing government by a small group a military coup d’état of the dictator.