On May 22, 1960, the most powerful earthquake in recorded history—magnitude 9.5—struck southern Chile. … The event was named after the city most affected by the quake, Valdivia. The Valdivia earthquake left two million people homeless, injured at least 3,000, and killed approximately 1,655.
Why did the Chile earthquake happen in 1960?
The South American Plate and the Nazca Plate moved in a quick motion which caused the massive earthquake. … Because the earthquake was caused by a subduction plate boundary, the 1960 Valdivia earthquake is considered a megathrust earthquake.
How did Chile recover from the 1960 earthquake?
After being hit by the planet’s largest-ever recorded earthquake back in 1960, Chile developed strict anti-seismic building codes. … Building codes were updated so structures could better withstand seismic waves.
Is it safe to hide under a bed during an earthquake?
Don’t hide under the bed
The bed will hold up some of the debris, creating a safe void around the perimeter. Never get under it, and teach your children never to crawl under the bed in an earthquake.
How long did the worst earthquake last?
Various studies have placed it at 9.4–9.6 on the moment magnitude scale. It occurred in the afternoon (19:11 GMT, 15:11 local time), and lasted for approximately 10 minutes.