What is Argentina democracy?

The politics of Argentina take place in the framework of what the Constitution defines as a federal presidential representative democratic republic, where the President of Argentina is both Head of State and Head of Government. Legislative power is vested in the two chambers of the Argentine National Congress.

Was Argentina a dictatorship?

In Argentina, there were six coups d’état during the 20th century: in 1930, 1943, 1955, 1962, 1966 and 1976. The first four established interim dictatorships, while the last two established dictatorships of permanent type on the model of a bureaucratic-authoritarian state.

When did Argentina become a republic?

With the declaration of independence on July 9, 1816, and the military defeat of the Spanish Empire in 1824, a federal state was formed in 1853–1861, known today as the Argentine Republic.

Does Argentina have free and fair elections?

Legislative elections, including the most recent ones held in October 2019 together with the presidential vote, are generally free and fair.

How did Argentina become a democracy?

Between 1930 and 1976, the armed forces overthrew six governments in Argentina; and the country alternated periods of democracy (1912–1930, 1946–1955, and 1973–1976) with periods of restricted democracy and military rule. Following a transition that began in 1983, full-scale democracy in Argentina was reestablished.

What happened to Videla?

Videla retired in 1981 and was succeeded by Gen. Roberto Viola. After Argentina returned to civilian rule in December 1983, charges were brought against various former junta leaders for the human rights abuses committed by the military during the Dirty War.

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