Brazilian highlands are commonly known as planalto. They cover most of the landmass of Brazil and the coastal area of South America. They are mostly covered with sedimentary and volcanic rocks. The average temperature of the Brazilian Highlands is between 22 ° C to 45°C.
Why Brazilian Highland is also known as Brazilian Shield?
The Brazilian Shield or the Brazilian Highlands are a broad geographical area that spans most of the central, southern and eastern parts of Brazil. … Soil erosion in the area has also been responsible for making these Highlands. They have helped in the creation of sedimentary deposits by slowly wearing out of mountains.
Where are the Brazilian Highlands in relation to the Amazon River?
Outside the Andes, South America has two principal highland areas: the Brazilian Highlands and the Guiana Highlands. Located south of the Amazon River in Brazil, the Brazilian Highlands are made up of low mountains and plateaus that rise to an average elevation of 1,006 meters (3,300 feet).
What is the vegetation in the Brazilian Highlands?
The vegetation on the southern Brazilian highland is composed of a mosaic of Araucaria forests and Campos (grassland).
How many different climates does Brazil experience?
However, within the country are five distinct climatic regions: equatorial, tropical, semi-arid, highland tropical and subtropical.
Which is the largest plain land of Brazil?
Amazon Plains lying between the two Highlands form the largest plains land of Brazil. Amazon Plains lying in the Northern part of Brazil generally slope eastward. The Amazon basin is quite wide in the west and it narrows eastward .
Why are the Brazilian Highlands important?
The Brazilian Highlands make up more than half of the country’s landmass and are the main source of the nation’s abundant mineral wealth.
Which is the rainy season in Brazil?
The rainy season runs from March to August. The heaviest rainfall usually comes during June and July, with an average of over 15 inches per month.