What is the northernmost country in South America and what is the southernmost country?

Uruguay is located in the southeastern region of South America. The country’s most northern extremity is found to the south of the city of Dirceu Barcelos. Found along the Quarai River, the northernmost point has a latitude of 30°05′ S.

What is the length of South America from its northernmost point to its southernmost point?

The Andes consist of a vast series of extremely high plateaus surmounted by even higher peaks that form an unbroken rampart over a distance of some 5,500 miles (8,900 kilometres)—from the southern tip of South America to the continent’s northernmost coast on the Caribbean.

What’s at the bottom of South America?

Cape Horn (Spanish: Cabo de Hornos, pronounced [ˈkaβo ðe ˈoɾnos]) is the southernmost headland of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago of southern Chile, and is located on the small Hornos Island.

Cape Horn
Subregion Antártica Chilena Province

Which country is the closest to the South Pole?

The nearest countries to Antarctica are South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Chile and Argentina. On Antarctica there are no cities or villages, 98% of the continent is covered by ice.

What is the major religion in South America?

Religion in South America has been a major influence on art, culture, philosophy and law. Christianity is the main religion, with Roman Catholics having the most adherents. Sizeable minorities of non-religious people and adherents of other religions are also present.

IT IS INTERESTING:  How did Conquistadors conquer the Aztecs and the Incas?

Why South America is called the land of extreme?

In geographic terms, it has some of the hottest, driest deserts in the world (the Atacama and Sonoran deserts) while having the largest rain-forest in the world (the Amazon).

Which country has the most southern capital?

New Zealand’s capital, Wellington, sits at the southwestern tip of North Island near the Cook Strait. The city in the second largest in New Zealand (after Auckland), and at 41 south latitude, it is the southernmost capital city in the world.