History of Bolivia: Colonial History. Bolivia’s Colonial Era 1500-1800 A.D. Bolivia’s history changed dramatically when in 1532 the Spanish defeated the great Incas, and other ethnic groups that had historically inhabited the area.
When was Bolivia conquered by Spain year?
Bolivian society traces its origins to the advanced pre-Columbian civilizations of South America. The high Bolivian plateau known as the Altiplano was already densely populated several centuries before the Spanish conquest in the 16th century.
What did Spain want from Bolivia?
Spain built its empire in great part upon the silver that was extracted from Bolivia’s mines. It is said that the Spanish extracted enough silver from Bolivia to build a bridge of silver from South America to Spain.
Who lived in Bolivia first?
Prior to the Spanish conquest, the Andean province of Qullasuyu was a part of the Inca empire, while the northern and eastern lowlands were inhabited by independent nomadic tribes. Spanish conquistadors, arriving from Cuzco and Asunción took control of the region in the 16th century.
When did the economy in Bolivia start to get better?
The Bolivian economy grew rapidly between 1960 and 1977. According to one study, “persistent deficits and a fixed exchange rate policy during the 1970s led to a debt crisis that began in 1977.
Who led Bolivia to freedom?
Independence: Led by “El Libertador,” Simón Bolívar Palacios, Bolivia gained complete independence from Spanish and Peruvian control in 1825. Despite nearly 200 coups and counter- coups, Bolivia has maintained its autonomy since independence.