The new capital, Brasília, was inaugurated as the federal capital on 21 April 1960 after being purpose built at a great cost of 2 trillion U.S. dollars.
Why did they change the capital of Brazil?
Brazil moved its capital from Rio de Janeiro to Brasilia to assert its independence, exchanging a colonial capital on the coast for a new interior capital. The interior, underdeveloped, location of the new capital allowed a fresh start as well as an opportunity to develop the region.
Does Brazil have 2 capitals?
The capital of Brazil is Brasília, a planned city that was built to be the capital of the country. Before that, Brazil had two other capital cities: Salvador (1549–1763) and Rio de Janeiro (1763–1960).
Why is Rio no longer the capital of Brazil?
Rio de Janeiro was Brazilian second capital. The city lost its position in 1960 to the city of Brasilia. … At that time French pirate attacks were commons and, as Rio de Janeiro is a coast city it was an easy target. Thus, José Bonifácio suggests building a new capital in the central highland.
What are the 3 capitals of Brazil?
What is the main industry of Brazil?
Industry. Brazil has advanced industries in the fields of petroleum processing, automotive, cement, iron and steel production, chemical production, and aerospace. Other than these, the food and beverage industry is a very crucial part of the manufacturing sub-sector.