What country control South America during the 1800s?
The region came under control of the crowns of Spain and Portugal, which imposed both Roman Catholicism and their respective languages.
Who controlled South America in 1822?
After the royal court returned to Lisbon, the prince regent, Pedro, remained in Brazil and in 1822 successfully declared himself emperor of a newly independent Brazilian Empire. Spain would lose all three of its remaining Caribbean colonies by the end of the 1800s.
What did the natives call South America?
The English term “Amerindian” (short for “Indians of the Americas”) is often used in the Guianas. Latin Americans of mixed European and Indigenous descent are usually referred to as mestizos (Spanish) and mestiços (Portuguese).
Indigenous peoples of South America.
How did the US warn Europeans to stay out of Latin America?
The Monroe Doctrine is the best known U.S. policy toward the Western Hemisphere. Buried in a routine annual message delivered to Congress by President James Monroe in December 1823, the doctrine warns European nations that the United States would not tolerate further colonization or puppet monarchs.
What is the main religion of South America?
Religion in South America has been a major influence on art, culture, philosophy and law. Christianity is the main religion, with Roman Catholics having the most adherents. Sizeable minorities of non-religious people and adherents of other religions are also present.