Why did the Spanish conquer South America?

Spain conquered and ruled vast areas in central and South America. Precious metals such as gold and silver, land and a large population to provide labour were the attractions. Large numbers of Spanish people came to live and work in their new lands of Central and South America. …

Why did the Spanish defeat the Aztecs so easily?

The Aztecs no longer trusted Montezuma, they were short on food, and the smallpox epidemic was under way. More than 3 million Aztecs died from smallpox, and with such a severely weakened population, it was easy for the Spanish to take Tenochtitlán.

How did the Spanish treat the people conquered?

How did the Spanish treat the peoples they conquered? Badly, forced them into “encomienda” made natives farm, ranch, or mine for Spanish landlords. What was unique about the Spanish colonization of the lands of New Mexico?

Why did Spanish colonies fail?

Rebellion by brutalized soldiers or starved African slaves ended two colonies. … Attack-by-rival became another cause of failed colonies. The Spanish massacred the French Huguenots near Florida in 1565 and sent spies to Jamestown in 1613 to determine if eradicating the fledgling colony was its best move.

Why was Spain so powerful?

In the 1500s, during the Age of Exploration, Spain became the most powerful country in Europe and likely the world. This was due to their colonies in the Americas and the gold and great wealth they acquired from them. … However, in 1588 in a battle of the world’s great navies, the British defeated the Spanish Armada.

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Were the French or Spanish colonies more successful?

By most measures, Spain’s colonies in the Americas were more successful than those of France.