The Trelew massacre of 1972, the actions of the Argentine Anticommunist Alliance since 1973 and Isabel Martínez de Perón’s “annihilation decrees” against left-wing guerrillas during Operativo Independencia (Operation Independence) in 1975 have also been suggested as dates for the beginning of the Dirty War.
How did the dirty war in Argentina begin?
After a military junta led by Gen Jorge Videla seized power in Argentina on 24 March 1976, it began a campaign to wipe out left-wing opponents. Some 30,000 people were killed or forcibly disappeared during the “Dirty War”, as the campaign came to be known.
How did the dirty war began?
His government was responsible for human rights abuses during Argentina’s “Dirty War,” which began as an attempt to suppress terrorism but resulted in the deaths of thousands of civilians. The son of an army colonel, Videla graduated from the National Military College in 1944 and was commissioned in the Argentine army.
What was the outcome of Argentina’s Dirty War in 1976?
In 1976, the Argentine military overthrew the government of Isabel Perón, the widow of populist president Juan Perón. It was part of a larger series of political coups called Operation Condor, a campaign sponsored and supported by the United States.
What happened to the natives of Argentina?
For decades, indigenous peoples in Argentina have been treated like second class citizens, subjected to violence, intimidation and discrimination with their human rights ignored. In recent months, their claims and demands have started to gain traction on the political and social agenda in Argentina.
How many dictators did Argentina have?
In the 53 years since the first military coup in 1930, until the last dictatorship fell in 1983, the military ruled the country for 25 years, imposing 14 dictators under the title of “president”, one every 1.7 years on average.
What happened in Tucumán Argentina in 1975?
Operativo Independencia (“Operation Independence”) was a 1975 Argentine military operation in Tucumán Province to crush the People’s Revolutionary Army (ERP), a Guevarist guerrilla group which tried to create a Vietnam-style war front in the northwestern province.
Why is it called the Dirty War?
Origin of the term
The term “Dirty War” was used by the military junta, which claimed that a war, albeit with “different” methods (including the large-scale application of torture and rape), was necessary to maintain social order and eradicate political subversives.
What were the two sides of the dirty war?
Two casts played out the banality of evil in the conflict of the 1970s: the military and the guerrillas.