PHYSICAL FEATURES The site lies in the Selva Alta zone, and includes part of a highly dissected mountain massif of the high Andes plateau, which rises steeply from the Urubamba River valley.
What natural and human made attractions does Machu Picchu have to offer?
The trail is covered with over 400 varieties of orchids, begonias, trees, and bushes as well as a varied collection of fauna including the condor, pumas and miniature deer. â€¢ Stunning scenery with the snowy peaks of the Andes (over 6,000 metres), fast flowing rivers and deep valleys.
What type of attraction is Machu Picchu?
Machu Picchu among the most popular natural wonders of the world. The Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, which dates from the fifteenth century, could be the most impressive structure of the Inca empire that is still standing. Reason by which hundreds of thousands of people decide to visit this wonder every year.
Why Machu Picchu is called the Lost City?
Machu Picchu was a city of the Inca Empire. It is sometimes called the “lost city” because the Spanish never discovered the city when they conquered the Inca in the 1500s. Today the city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
What are 2 physical features of Peru?
With three different natural regions, the desert coast, the Andes and the jungle, the climate of Peru is very diverse, with a large variety of microclimates, including 28 of the 32 world climates. Being a tropical country, the general climate is mild, with little variation between winter and summer.
Why is Machu Picchu one of the 7 Wonders of the World?
Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. … Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide Internet poll.
Why is Machu Picchu in danger?
Environmental groups and sometimes even UNESCO experts often lobby for the inclusion of Machu Picchu in the United Nations List of World Heritage in Danger to spur preservation. The site is threatened by deforestation, landslides and urban development.