Your question: How does Caribbean South America’s location near the equator affect its climate?

How does this region’s location near the equator affect its climate? … Most live in the fertile valleys and river basins because of the moderate climate and ideal farming conditions. List at least 6 of Colombia’s major natural resources and/or exports.

How does South America’s location affect its climate?

The eastern part of the South Pacific anticyclone influences the climate of most of South America’s west coast, causing stable, subsiding air conditions that yield minimal precipitation. … The ITCZ is responsible for the seasonal character of precipitation in South America’s extensive tropical wet-dry climatic zone.

What happens to climate as you get closer to the equator?

Latitude: Temperature range increases with distance from the equator. Also, temperatures decrease as you move away from the equator. This is because the suns rays are dispersed over a larger area of land as you move away from the equator. This is due to the curved surface of the earth.

What type of climate is found in South America?

The climate of South America is predominantly wet and humid. However, the large size of the continent makes the climate of South America varied with each region depending on factors such as geographical location, ocean currents, and winds. … The desert region of Chile is the driest part of South America.

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Which country is closest to the equator?

The countries through which the equator runs are:

  • São Tomé and Principe.
  • Gabon.
  • Republic of the Congo.
  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • Uganda.
  • Kenya.
  • Somalia.
  • Maldives.

Why is South America called the Land of Superlatives?

South America is a land of superlatives. It has quite different types of landform, climate and vegetation. There is a small portion of land for farming but this is an agricultural continent. … Tourism is developing as an important economic activity because this continent is the continent of superlatives.

Why is South America so hot?

In general, the weather in South America is hot and humid. … One of the unique features of the climate and weather in South America is El Nino, an unusual weather pattern which occurs every six or seven years. El Nino causes very hot and wet weather along the coasts of northern Peru and Ecuador from April to October.

Why South America is called the land of extreme?

In geographic terms, it has some of the hottest, driest deserts in the world (the Atacama and Sonoran deserts) while having the largest rain-forest in the world (the Amazon).

Why is it so hot at the equator?

Why is it hot at the Equator and cold at the poles? Due to the tilt of the Earth, the Equator is closer to the sun so receives more of its energy. The Equator has a smaller surface area so heats up quickly compared to the poles. There is less atmosphere to pass through at the Equator compared to the poles.

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What happens if you move away from the equator?

Latitude: Temperature range increases with distance from the equator. Also, temperatures decrease as you move away from the equator. This is because the suns rays are dispersed over a larger area of land as you move away from the equator. This is due to the curved surface of the earth.

Why do places near the equator has warm climate?

The curvature of the Earth causes the Sun’s energy to spread out over larger areas with increasing latitude. … The amount of solar energy in a given area is greater at the equator than in an equal area at the poles, which is why the equator temperature is warmer than the polar temperatures.