Ferdinand Magellan first landed on the shores of Chile in 1520, and Spanish conquest followed soon after. … The Spanish-Portuguese treaty of 1494 granted to Spain all territory west of Brazil. The task of conquering Chile was assigned to Pedro de Valdiva, who led his forces into Chile’s fertile Mapacho Valley in 1541.
How did the Spanish try to conquer the natives?
*How did a small number of Spanish conquistadors conquer huge Native American empires? -The Spanish conquistadors were able to conquer Native American empires by spreading diseases to the Native Americans (have no immunity). … All of those things were able to help them conquer Native American empires.
When did Spain lose Chile?
Depending on what terms one uses to define the end, the movement extended until 1821 (when the Spanish were expelled from mainland Chile) or 1826 (when the last Spanish troops surrendered and Chiloé was incorporated to the Chilean republic).
How long did it take the Spanish to conquer the Mapuches?
Campaigns of Pedro de Valdivia (1546–1553)
During the early phase of the Conquest of Chile, the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valdivia conducted a nine-year campaign to secure the city of Santiago, which had been destroyed on September 11, 1541 by the Mapochoes under the direction of their chief, Michimalonco.
How did the Spanish get rich?
The successes of Columbus ushered in an era of Spanish conquest that led numerous other European explorers to attempt similar colonization projects. Spain gained immense wealth from this expansionism, which translated into an influx of Spanish art and cultural capital.
Why were the Spanish so successful in conquering the New World?
Spanish conquistadors, who were primarily poor nobles from the impoverished west and south of Spain, were able to conquer the huge empires of the New World with the help of superior military technology, disease (which weakened indigenous resistance), and military tactics including surprise attacks and powerful …
How many slaves did Chile have?
Although no economic benefits led to any large importation of African slaves to Chile, roughly around 6,000 Africans were transported directly to Chile where they went into mainly domestic service as a means of status for colonists and as a work force in the mining of Gold in Arica.
What did the Mapuche adopt from the Spanish?
The Mapuche society had great transformations after Spanish contact in the mid–16th century. These changes included the adoption of Old World crops and animals and the onset of a rich Spanish–Mapuche trade in La Frontera and Valdivia.
What Conquistador explored the modern day country of Chile?
The first European to see Chile was the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, who sailed through the straits which took his name on November 1, 1520.
Who controls most of the minerals in Chile?
During the 1990s the government enacted new laws to open up the industry to private companies, but the majority of copper mines in Chile are still controlled by the state (Codelco).
Who lived in Chile before the Spanish arrived?
When the first Spanish arrived in what is now Chile, indigenous Quechua tribes inhabited the northern region and Araucanian tribes inhabited the central region and the northern part of the southern region. The Incas were in control of the northern area and part of central Chile.