Between 1519 and 1521 Hernán Cortés and a small band of men brought down the Aztec empire in Mexico, and between 1532 and 1533 Francisco Pizarro and his followers toppled the Inca empire in Peru. These conquests laid the foundations for colonial regimes that would transform the Americas.
Who conquered the Aztecs and in which country?
Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire
|Date||February 1519 – 13 August 1521 against the Aztec Empire, after 1522 – 17 February 1530 against the Tarascan state|
|Location||Aztec Empire and other indigenous states, (modern-day Mexico)|
|Result||Spaniard and indigenous allied victory|
Why were the Aztecs and Incas conquered?
This conquest was due, in part, to differences in technology and experience. Yet in the long term, Hernán Cortés’ victory over the Aztecs and Francisco Pizarro’s conquest of the Incas were the result of something that couldn’t be seen by the naked eye.
Where did the Aztecs come from originally?
The legendary origin of the Aztec people has them migrating from a homeland called Aztlan to what would become modern-day Mexico. While it is not clear where Aztlan was, a number of scholars believe that the Mexica—as the Aztec referred to themselves—migrated south to central Mexico in the 13th century.
What killed the Incas?
Influenza and smallpox were the main causes of death among the Inca population and it affected not only the working class but also the nobility.
Why did Inca empire fall?
While there were many reasons for the fall of the Incan Empire, including foreign epidemics and advanced weaponry, the Spaniards skilled manipulation of power played a key role in this great Empire’s demise.