After three centuries of colonial rule, independence came rather suddenly to most of Spanish and Portuguese America. Between 1808 and 1826 all of Latin America except the Spanish colonies of Cuba and Puerto Rico slipped out of the hands of the Iberian powers who had ruled the region since the conquest.
How long did the Spanish rule in Latin America?
From 1492 to the 1800s, Spanish explorers were the bullies of the New World. Beginning with Columbus in 1492 and continuing for nearly 350 years, Spain conquered and settled most of South America, the Caribbean, and the American Southwest.
How did Spanish and Portuguese end up in Latin America?
Latin America came to fruition in the 1500’s after European “discovery” of the New World. Countries such as Spain, France and Portugal colonized the region. Although most of Latin America was colonized by Spain, the countries of Portugal and France also had major influences on the region.
What did the Portuguese set up first in Latin America?
The Portuguese explorer Cabral had discovered the South American country of Brazil in 1500. The Portuguese began to settle the land. For about 50 years the main interest was in the brazilwood, a tree used for dye, which gave its name to the new colony.
What’s the difference between a Latino and a Hispanic?
Hispanic and Latino are often used interchangeably though they actually mean two different things. Hispanic refers to people who speak Spanish or are descended from Spanish-speaking populations, while Latino refers to people who are from or descended from people from Latin America.
What does Hispanic stand for?
Hispanic refers to people who speak Spanish or who are descendants of those from Spanish-speaking countries. In other words, Hispanic refers to the language that a person speaks or that their ancestors spoke. For this reason, people who are Hispanic may vary in their race and also where they live or originate.
What were the 3 main causes of the Latin American revolution?
Main Causes (cont.)
Spain setting up colonies in the Americas. Creoles and Mestizos grow discontented with the Spanish rule. Enlightenment ideas spread to the Americas. This gives the people new ideas and knowledge through scientific study and experimental advancement.
How many countries did Portugal colonize in the world?
Portugal’s empire, which survived for more than six centuries, was the first of the great European global empires and outlasted all others as well, surviving until 1999. Its former possessions are now across 50 countries around the world.