In fact, in 1499 the territory was discovered by his companion Alonso de Ojeda, who arrived there from nearby Santo Domingo, landing at Cabo de la Vela. It was not until 1525, however, that the Spanish began a process of colonization of Colombia, leading to it becoming an integrated colony of the Spanish empire.
Was Colombia a Mayan or Aztec?
The History of Colombia
While the Aztecs and the Incas built empires that extended control over vast regions of pre-Columbian America, Colombia was settled by a number of smaller groups of peoples such as the Tayronas and the Muiscas.
Was Colombia part of the Spanish empire?
Within two short centuries, Colombia became one of the most prominent headquarters of the Spanish empire in the New World, and was made capital of New Granada which then included the territories of modern-day Venezuela, Ecuador and Panama.
How long did Spain rule Colombia?
Spanish explorers arrived in Colombia in 1500 but didn’t establish a settlement until 1525. These settlers were obsessed with finding gold and other valuables, and by 1538 they had conquered the Muisca and stolen all their gold and jewels. Colombia remained under Spanish rule for nearly 250 years.
What race are Colombians?
Public Library of Science (PLOS) genetic research determined that the average Colombian (of all races) has a mixture of European 62.5%, native Amerindian 27.4% , African 9.2% and East Asian 0.9%. These proportions also vary widely among ethnicities.
Who settled in Colombia first?
The earliest known inhabitants of Colombia were Mesoamericans who migrated from the north and later Arawak people arrived from the south. The Inca Empire arose in the early 13th century and by the early 14th century had incorporated some parts of modern day Colombia.
Where do most Colombians live?
Sixty percent of the Colombian population lives in the highland Andean interior of the country, where the three largest cities are located: Bogotá (7.7 million), Medellín (3.4 million), and Cali (3.1 million). It is increasingly an urban country, with around 75 percent of the population living in urban areas.