Spain conquered and ruled vast areas in central and South America. Precious metals such as gold and silver, land and a large population to provide labour were the attractions.
Did Spain conquer Latin America?
Beginning with Columbus in 1492 and continuing for nearly 350 years, Spain conquered and settled most of South America, the Caribbean, and the American Southwest.
Did Spain and Portugal colonize Latin America?
The first European countries to begin colonizing the Americas were Spain and Portugal. … Portugal gained control of Brazil. Today, the region encompassing Mexico, Central and South America, and the Caribbean islands is known as Latin America.
How long did Spain and Portugal rule over Latin America?
After three centuries of colonial rule, independence came rather suddenly to most of Spanish and Portuguese America. Between 1808 and 1826 all of Latin America except the Spanish colonies of Cuba and Puerto Rico slipped out of the hands of the Iberian powers who had ruled the region since the conquest.
How did Spain take over South America?
The Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494 drew a north-to-south line through South America. Spain gained territory west of the line, while Portugal retained the lands east of the line, including the east coast of Brazil.
How many countries did Portugal colonize in the world?
Portugal’s empire, which survived for more than six centuries, was the first of the great European global empires and outlasted all others as well, surviving until 1999. Its former possessions are now across 50 countries around the world.
What did the Portuguese set up first in Latin America?
The Portuguese explorer Cabral had discovered the South American country of Brazil in 1500. The Portuguese began to settle the land. For about 50 years the main interest was in the brazilwood, a tree used for dye, which gave its name to the new colony.
How many countries did Spain colonize?
Spain once had up to 35 colonies throughout the world, some of which it still governs today.
Former Spanish Colonies of the World.
|Rank||Former Spanish Colonies||Year Independence from Spain|
|14||Florida (United States)||1821 (Became a US territory, then a state in 1845)|
Why did America support the Latin American countries in their fight for independence?
Why did America support the Latin American countries in their fight for independence? America supported them bc Simon Bolivar and other Latin American leaders were inspired by the example of the US. … The purpose of the Monroe Doctrine is to prevent European powers from interfering with America’s political affairs.