For the peoples of Indonesia, Australia and South Eastern Africa, the El Niño phenomenon delivers severe droughts, which can result in devastating forest fires. The inhabitants of Peru, Ecuador and California will associate the effect with torrential rain storms that trigger serve flooding and deadly mudslides.
How does El Niño affect Peru?
After a period of severe drought, per recent news reports the “El Niño” effect is bringing heavy rainfall on Peru´s Northern coast causing overflowing of rivers, mudslides and flooding. … As part of the “El Niño” effect warm waters appear on the ocean surface near or during December thus causing rainfall to increase.
Does El Niño only affect weather in Peru?
El Nino is the warming of the Pacific Ocean off of the western coast of South America near Ecuador and Peru. … El Nino and La Nina events not only impact ocean temperatures in the tropical Pacific, but also global weather.
What will happen to the climate in Peru during El Niño?
Usually Peru observes torrential, flooding rains during El Niño when tropical Pacific ocean waters off the coast are above-average in temperature. … During a normal year, coastal sea surface temperatures are usually cool enough to act like a thunderstorm barrier for South America, keeping much of the rain far offshore.
Does El Niño cause droughts in Ecuador and Peru?
El Niño causes a weakening of the trade winds, allowing heat to accumulate. The phenomenon shifts global weather, causing flooding in some areas and droughts in others. Ecuador and Peru are the countries that are most directly affected by El Niño.
Why do fishermen get less catch during El Niño?
An El Niño reduces the upwelling of cold water off the coast of the Americas. When this happens, fish either die or migrate into areas where they’ll find more to eat. … Off California, fish populations may also be reduced.
Does El Niño cause drought?
One such phenomenon is the periodic occurrence of El Niño. During El Niño episodes the normal patterns of tropical precipitation and atmospheric circulation are disrupted, hence triggering extreme climate events around the globe: droughts, floods and affecting the intensity and frequency of hurricanes.
Is La Niña wet or dry?
Where El Niño is wet, La Niña is dry. While El Niño conditions and their seasonal impacts look very different from normal, La Niña conditions often bring winters that are typical — only more so.
Is El Niño good for fishing in Peru?
The El Niño affects traditional fisheries in Peru and Ecuador. … However, when this upwelling of water weakens as in El Niño affected years, warmer, low nutrient rich water spreads along the coast, and the catch is severely affected.