Lima, city, capital of Peru. It is the country’s commercial and industrial centre. Central Lima is located at an elevation of 512 feet (156 metres) on the south bank of the Rímac River, about 8 miles (13 km) inland from the Pacific Ocean port of Callao, and has an area of 27 square miles (70 square km).
Why is Lima important?
Lima was founded by Spanish conqueror Francisco Pizarro in 1535 because of its accessibility to the sea. Lima was the economic, social, cultural and political capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru and was also the most important city in the Spanish South American colonies.
Are Peruvians white?
Ethnic Peruvian Structure. In the 2017 census, those of 12 years old and above were asked what ancestral origin they belong to with 60.2% of Peruvians self-identified as mestizos, 22.3% as Quechuas, 5.9% as white, 3.6% as Afro-Peruvian, 2.4% as Aymaras, 0.3% as Amazonians, 0.16% as Asian.
Is Lima in a desert?
Lima is the capital city of the Republic of Peru and is located in the central coastal region of the country. … Lima is the second largest desert capital city after Cairo in Egypt. The city is located on a desert strip between the Pacific Ocean and Andes Mountains.