Most of the desert is composed of stony terrain, salt lakes (salares), sand, and felsic lava that flows towards the Andes. The desert owes its extreme aridity to a constant temperature inversion due to the cool north-flowing Humboldt ocean current and to the presence of the strong Pacific anticyclone.
Is Chile an arid country?
Chile is one of the longest north-south countries in the world, extending across 38 degrees of latitude and its climate varies significantly along its length. … Up in the far north of the country, the climate is dry and arid.
Why is Chile so cold?
Chile is in the southern hemisphere. The climate varies tremendously from north to south. The north has a desert climates with some of the earth’s driest places. … Coastal Chile is much cooler than the interior valleys, despite the narrowness of the country, due to the influence of the cold Humboldt current.
Where is the coldest place in Chile?
The coldest temperatures measured in South America (and thus in the Southern Hemisphere (outside of the Antarctic region) is apparently a reading of -40°F (-40°C) recorded at Puesto Viejo, Chile on June 21, 2002.
How cold is winter in Chile?
The average winter maximum is 72°F (22°C) and the minimum is 57°F (14°C), though when winds blow in from Antarctica with pouring rain it can feel a lot colder. Light showers are the most common form of precipitation with May being the wettest month.
Where is the best weather in Chile?
The best time to visit Chile depends on the region you’re traveling to. October to March are the warmest and most accessible months for visitors heading to Patagonia, in the south of the country. This is summer in the Southern Hemisphere and the weather is very pleasant, with warm temperatures of around 72°F.
How safe is Chile?
Chile is amongst the safest countries on Earth
It is usually considered the safest country in South America, together with Uruguay. Thanks to its low crime rates and nice behavior towards travelers, the “thin country” can be considered a very safe destination (especially if you visit its spectacular national parks).