The invasion and conquest of Colombia were completed in stages. The Colonization process began in 1499 and lasted until 1550. Despite its name, Colombia was not founded by the explorer Christopher Columbus; he never even set foot in the country throughout the history of Colombia.
Who was in Colombia before the Spanish?
The earliest known inhabitants of Colombia were Mesoamericans who migrated from the north and later Arawak people arrived from the south. The Inca Empire arose in the early 13th century and by the early 14th century had incorporated some parts of modern day Colombia.
What was Colombia originally called?
New Granada officially changed its name in 1858 to the Granadine Confederation. In 1863 the name was again changed, this time to United States of Colombia, before finally adopting its present name – the Republic of Colombia – in 1886.
Why did Spain want land in Columbia?
The Spanish wanted land in Colombia because they wanted to expand their new empire.
Where do most Colombians live?
Sixty percent of the Colombian population lives in the highland Andean interior of the country, where the three largest cities are located: Bogotá (7.7 million), Medellín (3.4 million), and Cali (3.1 million). It is increasingly an urban country, with around 75 percent of the population living in urban areas.
Why did Colombia want independence?
An Unhappy Population. The were numerous reasons for independence. The emperor Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Spain in 1808, imprisoned King Ferdinand VII, and put his brother Joseph Bonaparte on the Spanish throne, infuriating most of Spanish America.
Who controlled Colombia before their independence?
Colombia effectively achieved its independence from Spain by 1819, and the country was recognized by the United States in 1822, when President Monroe received a Colombian diplomatic representative in Washington. The United States established a diplomatic mission in Colombia in 1823.
Was Colombia a Mayan or Aztec?
The History of Colombia
While the Aztecs and the Incas built empires that extended control over vast regions of pre-Columbian America, Colombia was settled by a number of smaller groups of peoples such as the Tayronas and the Muiscas.